Working Papers

  1. How Economic Development Influences the Environment
    August 2021

  2. Using Machine Learning and Qualitative Interviews to Design a Five-Question Survey Module for Women's Agency
    with M. Biradavolu and J. Cooper
    June 2021

  3. Inexpensive Heating Reduces Winter Mortality
    with J. Chirakijja and P. Ong
    March 2021, revise and resubmit at Economic Journal

  4. Greater than the Sum of the Parts? Evidence on Mechanisms Operating in Women's Groups
    with L. Diaz-Martin, A. Gopalan, and E. Guarnieri
    April 2021, revise and resubmit at World Bank Research Observer

  5. Environmental Externalities and Free-Riding in the Household
    with K. Jack and S. Rao
    March 2020

  6. Attending Kindergarten Improves Cognitive but Not Socio-Emotional Development in India
    with J. Dean
    February 2020


Publications and Forthcoming Papers

  1. Reshaping Adolescents' Gender Attitudes: Evidence from a School-Based Experiment in India
    with D. Dhar and T. Jain
    forthcoming in American Economic Review
    [Pre-analysis plan]   [J-PAL policy brief]   [2-minute video]

  2. Microentrepreneurship in Developing Countries
    Handbook of Labor, Human Resources and Population Economics, November 2021.

  3. Social Norms as a Barrier to Women's Employment in Developing Countries
    IMF Economic Review, vol 69(3), September 2021, pp. 576-595.

  4. Intergenerational Transmission of Gender Attitudes: Evidence From India
    with D. Dhar and T. Jain
    Journal of Development Studies, vol 55(12), September 2019, pp. 2572-2592.

  5. Changing Family Attitudes to Promote Female Employment
    with J. Dean
    American Economic Association Papers and Proceedings, vol 109, May 2019, pp. 138-142.

  6. Self-Selection into Payments for Ecosystem Services Programs
    with K. Jack
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol 116(12), March 19, 2019, pp. 5326-5333.

  7. Firm Growth and Corruption: Empirical Evidence from Vietnam
    with J. Bie, E. Malesky, and B. Olken
    Economic Journal, vol 129, February 2019, pp. 651677.

  8. The Price Effects of Cash Versus In-Kind Transfers
    with J. Cunha and G. De Giorgi
    Review of Economic Studies, vol 86(1), January 2019, pp. 240-281.

  9. Why Are Indian Children So Short? The Role of Birth Order and Son Preference
    with R. Pande
    American Economic Review, vol 107(9), September 2017, pp. 2600-2629.
    [Online appendix]
      [Overview in Economic and Political Weekly]   [Op-ed in New York Times]

  10. Cash for Carbon: A Randomized Trial of Payments for Ecosystem Services to Reduce Deforestation
    with J. De Laat, E. Lambin, C. Stanton, R. Audy, and N. Thomas
    Science, July 2017, vol 357(6348), pp. 267273.
    [Supplementary material]

  11. Mothers Care More, But Fathers Decide: Educating Parents about Child Health in Uganda
    with M. Bjorkman Nyqvist
    American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, vol 107(5), May 2017, pp. 496-500.

  12. The Causes and Consequences of Increased Female Education and Labor Force Participation in Developing Countries
    with R. Heath
    Oxford Handbook of Women and the Economy, 2018, eds. S. Averett, L. Argys, and S. Hoffman.

  13. Fertility Decline and Missing Women
    American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, January 2017, vol 9(1), pp. 118-139.

  14. Friendship at Work: Can Peer Support Catalyze Female Entrepreneurship?
    with E. Field, R. Pande, and N. Rigol
    American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, May 2016, vol 8(2), pp. 125-153.
    [AEA Research Highlight]

  15. The Roots of Gender Inequality in Developing Countries
    Annual Review of Economics, 2015, vol 7, pp. 63-88.

  16. Incentives to Teach Badly? After-School Tutoring in Developing Countries
    Journal of Development Economics, May 2014, vol 108, pp. 190-205.  

  17. Does Contraceptive Use Always Reduce Breastfeeding?
    Demography, June 2014, vol 51(3), pp. 917-937.

  18. Liquidity Constraints and Deforestation: The Limitations of Payments for Ecosystem Services
    American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, May 2013, vol. 103 (2), pp. 309-313.  

  19. Why Do Mothers Breastfeed Girls Less Than Boys: Evidence and Implications for Child Health in India
    with I. Kuziemko
    Quarterly Journal of Economics, August 2011, vol. 126 (3), pp. 1485-1538.
    [Online appendix]   [Slides]

  20. Do Traditional Institutions Constrain Female Entrepreneurship? A Field Experiment on Business Training in India
    with E. Field and R. Pande
    American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, May 2010, vol. 100 (2), pp. 125-129.  

  21. Modern Medicine and the 20th-Century Decline in Mortality: Evidence on the Impact of Sulfa Drugs
    with A. Lleras-Muney and K. Smith
    American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, April 2010, vol. 2 (2), pp. 118-146.
    [Online appendix]   [Slides]

  22. Air Quality and Early-Life Mortality: Evidence from Indonesia's Wildfires
    Journal of Human Resources, Fall 2009, vol. 44 (4), pp. 916-954.   [Slides]

  23. Life Expectancy and Human Capital Investments: Evidence from Maternal Mortality Declines 
    with A. Lleras-Muney
    Quarterly Journal of Economics, February 2009, vol 124 (1), pp. 349-397.
    [Online appendix]   [Slides]

  24. The Jeffords Effect
    Journal of Law and Economics, October 2006, vol. 49 (2), pp. 397-425.

  25. Selling Labor Low: Wage Responses to Productivity Shocks in Developing Countries
    Journal of Political Economy, June 2006, vol. 114 (3), pp. 538-575.

  26. Odious Debt 
    with M. Kremer
    American Economic Review, March 2006, vol. 96 (1), pp. 82-92.
    [Working Group]   [Policy report]