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Preference Formation and Communication

Campaign and Media Strategy

Methodology and Epistemology

Bargaining

Book Reviews

Publications

Preference Formation and Communication

“Racial Bias in Sport Medical Staff’s Perceptions of Others’ Pain,” with Sophie Trawalter, Ivonne Montes, Alexandria Fredendall, Noah Kanter, and Allison Paige Rubenstein, The Journal of Social Psychology., Forthcoming. DOC, ONLINE APPENDIX (DOC), REPLICATION MATERIALS (Zipped folder)

“Political Protesting, Race, and College Athletics: Why Diversity Among Coaches Matters,” with Adam J. Howat, and Jacob E. Rothschild, Social Science Quarterly., Forthcoming. DOC, ONLINE APPENDIX (pdf), REPLICATION MATERIALS (Zipped folder)

“Football and Public Opinion: A Partial Replication and Extension,” with Ethan C. Busby, Journal of Experimental Political Science., Forthcoming. DOC, REPLICATION MATERIALS (Zipped folder)

“Do Partisanship and Politicization Undermine the Impact of a Scientific Consensus Message about Climate Change?,” with Toby Bolsen, Group Processes & Intergroup Relations., Forthcoming. DOC , ONLINE APPENDIX (DOC) , SUPPLEMENTAL APPENDIX (DOC), REPLICATION MATERIALS (Zipped folder)

“Unbiased?: Race, Gender, and Sport Effects in University Medical Staff's Perceptions of Injured Student-Athletes,” with Sophie Trawalter, and Ivonne Montes, Journal for the Study of Sports and Athletes in Education., Forthcoming. DOC, REPLICATION MATERIALS (Zipped folder)

“Political Dynamics of Framing,” with S.R. Gubitz, Samara Klar, and Joshua Robison, in Travis N. Ridout, ed., New Directions in Media and Politics 2nd Edition, New York: Routledge. Forthcoming. (Updated chapter from 1st Edition.) PDF

“Studying Framing Effects on Political Preferences: Existing Research and Lingering Questions,” with Ethan C. Busby, and D.J. Flynn, in Paul D’Angelo, ed., Doing News Framing Analysis II, New York: Routledge. Forthcoming. DOC

“No Need to Watch: How the Effects of Partisan Media Can Spread via Inter-Personal Discussions,” with Matthew S. Levendusky and Audrey McLain, American Journal of Political Science., Forthcoming. PDF , ONLINE APPENDIX (PDF) , REPLICATION MATERIALS (Zipped folder)

“Do Disagreeable Political Discussion Networks Undermine Attitude Strength?,” with Joshua Robison and Thomas J. Leeper, Political Psychology., Forthcoming. PDF , ONLINE APPENDIX (PDF) , REPLICATION CODE (Stata .do), Replication files on Dataverse

“The Crisis of Politicization Within and Beyond Science,” Nature Human Behavior. 1:615-617, 2017. PDF

“Using Frames to Make Scientific Communication More Effective,” with Arthur Lupia, in Kathleen Hall Jamieson, Dan M. Kahan, and Dietram A. Scheufele, eds., The Oxford Handbook of the Science of Science Communication., New York: Oxford University Press, 2017. PDF

“The Conditional Nature of the Local Warming Effect,” with Richard M. Shafranek, Weather, Climate, and Society., 9: 15-26, 2017. PDF , DATA (Stata .dta) , SURVEY KEY (EXCEL)

“The Political Relevance of Irrelevant Events,” with Ethan C. Busby and Alexandria Fredendall, Journal of Politics., 79:346-350, 2017. PDF , ONLINE APPENDIX (PDF) , DATA (Stata .dta) , REPLICATION CODE (Stata .do), SURVEY KEY (PDF)

“Public Policy Challenges to Scientific Innovation on Solar Energy,” with Toby Bolsen and Fay Lomax Cook, Chem., 1:518-519, 2016. PDF

“How Group Discussions Create Strong Attitudes and Strong Partisans,” with Matthew S. Levendusky and Audrey McLain, Research and Politics., 3:1-16, 2016. PDF , DATA (Stata .dta) , REPLICATION CODE (Stata .do)

“The Influence of Race on Attitudes about College Athletics,” with Adam J. Howat and Andrew Rodheim, Sport in Society., 19:1020-1039, 2016. PDF , DATA (Stata .dta) , DATA KEY (PDF)

“Preference Change in Competitive Political Environments,” with Arthur Lupia, Annual Review of Political Science, 19: 13-31, 2016. PDF

“Communicating Policy-Relevant Science,” American Political Science Association Task Force on Public Engagement. PS: Political Science and Politics, 48 (Supplement S1):58-69, 2015 PDF

“Counteracting the Politicization of Science,” with Toby Bolsen, Journal of Communication, 65:745-769, 2015. PDF , Appendix, DATA (Stata .dta) , DATA KEY (Excel)

“Eliminating the Local Warming Effect,” Nature Climate Change, 5:176-177, 2015. PDF

“Citizens', Scientists', and Policy Advisors' Beliefs about Global Warming,” with Toby Bolsen and Fay Lomax Cook, The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 658: 271-295, 2015. PDF

“Introduction to the Politics of Science: Political Values and the Production, Communication, and Reception of Scientific Knowledge,” with Elizabeth Suhay, The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 658: 6-15, 2015. PDF

“The Role of Social Context in Shaping Student-Athlete Opinions,” with Mauro Gilli, Samara Klar, and Joshua Robison, PLoS ONE, 9:e115159. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0115159, 2014. PDF

“Communication and Collective Actions: A Survey Experiment on Motivating Energy Conservation in the U.S.,” with Toby Bolsen and Fay Lomax Cook, Journal of Experimental Political Science, 1: 24-38, 2014. PDF

“Athlete Support for Title IX,” with Mauro Gilli, Samara Klar, and Joshua Robison,The Sport Journal, 2014. PDF

“How Frames Can Undermine Support for Scientific Adaptations: Politicization and the Status-Quo Bias,” with Toby Bolsen and Fay Lomax Cook, Public Opinion Quarterly, 78: 1-26, 2014. PDF

“Pathologies of Studying Public Opinion, Political Communication, and Democratic Responsiveness,” Political Communication, 31: 467-492, 2014.PDF

“The Influence of Partisan Motivated Reasoning on Public Opinion,” with Toby Bolsen and Fay Lomax Cook, Political Behavior, 36: 235-252, 2014.PDF

“Stunted Policy Support,” Nature Climate Change, 3: 617, 2013. PDF

“How Elite Partisan Polarization Affects Public Opinion Formation,” with Erik Peterson and Rune Slothuus, American Political Science Review, 107: 57-79, 2013. PDF

“Political Dynamics of Framing,” with Samara Klar and Joshua Robison, in Travis N. Ridout, eds., New Directions in Media and Politics, New York: Routledge, 2013. PDF

“Counterframing Effects,” with Dennis Chong, The Journal of Politics 75: 1-16, 2013. PDF, DATA (Stata .dta)

“Is Public Opinion Stable?: Resolving the Micro-Macro Disconnect in Studies of Public Opinion,” with Thomas J. Leeper, Daedalus 141:50-68, 2012. PDF, Replication files on Dataverse

“The Politics of Motivation,” Critical Review, 24: 199-216, 2012. PDF

“A Source of Bias in Public Opinion Stability,” with Jordan Fein, and Thomas J. Leeper, American Political Science Review, 106: 430-454, 2012. PDF, Replication files on Dataverse

“Dynamics in Mass Communication Effects Research,” with Dennis Chong, in Holli Semetko and Maggie Scammell, eds., The Sage Handbook of Political Communication. Los Angeles, CA: Sage Publications, 2012. PDF

“Media Effects in Politics,” in Rick Valelly, eds., Oxford Bibliographies Online: Political Science New York: Oxford University Press, 2012. URL

“How Scientific Evidence Links Attitudes to Behaviors,” with Toby Bolsen, in David Dana, ed., The Nanotechnology Challenge: Creating Law and Legal Institutions for Uncertain Risks. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2012. PDF

“Framing, Motivated Reasoning, and Opinions about Emergent Technologies,” with Toby Bolsen, Journal of Communication 61: 659-688, 2011. PDF

“Public-Elite Interactions: Puzzles in Search of Researchers,” with Dennis Chong, in Robert Y. Shapiro and Lawrence R. Jacobs, eds., The Oxford Handbook of the American Public Opinion and the Media. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. PDF

“Identifying Frames in Political News,” with Dennis Chong, in Erik P. Bucy and R. Lance Holbert, eds., The Sourcebook for Political Communication Research: Methods, Measures, and Analytical Techniques, Routledge. 2011. PDF

“What's It All About?: Framing in Political Science,” in Gideon Keren, ed., Perspectives on Framing. New York: Psychology Press / Taylor & Francis, 2011. PDF

“Dynamic Public Opinion: Communication Effects Over Time,” with Dennis Chong, American Political Science Review 104: 663-680, 2010. PDF

“Competing Rhetoric Over Time: Frames Versus Cues,” with Cari Lynn Hennessy, Kristi St. Charles, and Jonathan Weber, The Journal of Politics, 72: 136-148, 2010. PDF

“Competing Frames in a Political Campaign,” in Brian F. Schaffner and Patrick J. Sellers, eds., Winning with Words: The Origins and Impact of Framing, pages 101-120. New York: Routledge, 2010. PDF

“Emotion and the Framing of Risky Choice,” with Rose McDermott, Political Behavior 30: 297-321, 2008. PDF

“Campaign Mixed-Message Flows and Timing of Vote Decision,” with Lilach Nir, International Journal of Public Opinion Research. 20: 326-346, 2008. PDF

“Framing Public Opinion in Competitive Democracies,” with Dennis Chong, American Political Science Review. 101: 637-655, 2007. PDF

“Framing Theory,” with Dennis Chong, Annual Review of Political Science 10: 103-126, 2007. PDF

“Public Opinion Research and Support for the Iraq War,” with Adam J. Berinsky, Public Opinion Quarterly 71: 126-141, 2007. PDF

“A Theory of Framing and Opinion Formation in Competitive Elite Environments,” with Dennis Chong, Journal of Communication 57: 99-118, 2007. PDF

“Mind, Will, and Choice:  Lessons From Experiments in Contextual Variation,” with Arthur Lupia, in Robert E. Goodin and Charles Tilly, eds., The Oxford Handbook of Contextual Political Analysis, pages 97-113.  Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006. PDF

“Media Matter:  How Newspapers and Television News Cover Campaigns and Influence Voters,” Political Communication 22:  463-481, 2005. PDF

“Does Political Information Matter?,” Political Communication 22:  515-519, 2005. PDF

“The Impact of Media Bias:  How Editorial Slant Affects Voters,” with Michael Parkin, The Journal of Politics 67:  1030-1049, 2005. PDF

“Framing” in Samuel J. Best and Benjamin Radcliff, eds., Polling America:  An Encyclopedia of Public Opinion, Volume 1, pages 253-258.  Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group, 2005. 

“Political Preference Formation:  Competition, Deliberation, and the (Ir)relevance of Framing Effects,” American Political Science Review 98: 671-686, 2004. PDF

“Does Presidential Rhetoric Matter?:  Priming and Presidential Approval,” with Justin W. Holmes, Presidential Studies Quarterly 34: 755-778, 2004. PDF

“Priming the Vote:  Campaign Effects in a US Senate Election,” Political Psychology 25: 577-594, 2004.  PDF

“The Political Psychology of Electoral Campaigns:  Introduction to the Symposium,” with Joanne M. Miller, Political Psychology 25:  501-506, 2004. PDF

“Framing and Deliberation:  How Citizens’ Conversations Limit Elite Influence,” with Kjersten R. Nelson, American Journal of Political Science 47: 729-745, 2003. PDF

“The Power of Television Images:  The First Kennedy-Nixon Debate Revisited,” The Journal of Politics 65: 559-571, 2003. PDF

“Evaluating Framing Effects,” Journal of Economic Psychology 22: 91-101, 2001. PDF

“The Implications of Framing Effects for Citizen Competence,” Political Behavior 23: 225-256, 2001. PDF

“Using Credible Advice to Overcome Framing Effects,” The Journal of Law, Economics, &Organization 17: 62-82, 2001. PDF

“On The Limits Of Framing Effects:  Who Can Frame?,” The Journal of Politics 63: 1041-1066, 2001. PDF

“Preference Formation,” with Arthur Lupia, Annual Review of Political Science 3:  1-24, 2000. PDF

Campaign and Media Strategy

“Resisting the Opportunity for Change: How Congressional Campaign Insiders Viewed and Used the Web in 2016,” with Martin J. Kifer, and Michael Parkin, Social Science Computer Review, Forthcoming. DOC

“An Inside View of Congressional Campaigning on the Web,” with Martin J. Kifer, Michael Parkin, and Ivonne Montes, Journal of Political Marketing, Forthcoming. PDF, ONLINE APPENDIX (PDF) , SURVEY MATERIALS (DOC), REPLICATION DATA (.dta)

“Consistent and Cautious: Congressional Campaigning on the Web in 2016,” with Martin J. Kifer, and Michael Parkin, in Jody Baumgartner and Terri Towner, eds., The Internet and the 2016 Presidential Campaign, New York: Lexington Books, 2017. PDF

Who Governs? Presidents, Public Opinion, and Manipulation, with Lawrence R. Jacobs, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2015. Purchase

“U.S. Congressional Campaign Communications in an Internet Age,” with Martin J. Kifer and Michael Parkin, Journal of Elections, Public Opinion & Parties, 2014. PDF

“Mobilizing Group Membership: The Impact of Personalization and Social Pressure E-mails,” with Donald P. Green, Sage Open 3: 1-16, 2013. PDF

“Segmented Representation: The Reagan White House and Disproportionate Responsiveness,” with Lawrence R. Jacobs, in Peter K. Enns and Christopher Wlezien, eds., Who Gets Represented?, New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2011. PDF

“Issue Engagement on Congressional Candidate Websites (2002-2006),” with Cari Lynn Hennessy, Martin J. Kifer, and Michael Parkin, Social Science Computer Review 28: 3-23, 2010. PDF

“Timeless Strategy Meets New Medium: Going Negative on Congressional Campaign Websites, 2002-2006,” with Martin Kifer, and Michael Parkin, Political Communication, 27: 88-103, 2010. PDF

“Campaign Communications in U.S. Congressional Elections,” with Martin Kifer, and Michael Parkin, American Political Science Review 103: 343-366, 2009. PDF

“Presidential Responsiveness to Public Opinion,” with Lawrence R. Jacobs, in George C. Edwards III and William G. Howell, eds., The Oxford Handbook of the American Presidency, pages 160-181. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009. PDF

“The Technological Development of Candidate Websites: How and Why Candidates Use Web Innovations” with Martin Kifer, and Michael Parkin, Social Science Computer Review 25: 425-442, 2007. PDF

“Lumpers and Splitters:  The Public Opinion Information That Politicians Use,” with Lawrence R. Jacobs, Public Opinion Quarterly 70: 453-476, 2006.PDF

“Candidate Strategies to Prime Issues and Image,” with Lawrence R. Jacobs, and Eric Ostermeier, The Journal of Politics 66: 1205-1227, 2004. PDF

“When Can a News Organization Lead Public Opinion?:  Ideology versus Market Forces in Decisions to Make News,” with Gregory L. Bovitz, and Arthur Lupia, Public Choice 113: 127-155, 2002.  PDF

Methodology and Epistemology

“Graduate Advising in Experimental Research Groups,” with Adam J. Howat, and Kevin J. Mullinix, PS: Political Science & Politics, Forthcoming. DOC

“The Demographic and Political Composition of Mechanical Turk Samples,'” with Kevin E. Levay and Jeremy Freese, SAGE Open, 6: 1-17, 2016. PDF

“The Generalizability of Survey Experiments,'” with Kevin J. Mullinix, Thomas J. Leeper, and Jeremy Freese, Journal of Experimental Political Science, 2: 109-138, 2015. PDF, SUPPLEMENTAL MATERIALS, Replication files on Dataverse

“Research and Undergraduate Teaching: A False Divide?” PS: Political Science & Politics, 48: 35-38, 2015. PDF

“Merging Research and Undergraduate Teaching in Political Behavior Research, ” PS: Political Science & Politics, 48: 53-57, 2015. PDF

“Measuring Drug and Alcohol Use Among College Student-Athletes,” with Mauro Gilli, Samara Klar, and Joshua Robison, Social Science Quarterly, 96: 369-380, 2015. PDF, ONLINE APPENDIX, DATA KEY, DATA

“Experimenting with Politics,” with Arthur Lupia, Science 335: 1177-1179, 2012. PDF

“Learning More from Political Communication Experiments: Pretreatment and Its Effects,” with Thomas J. Leeper, American Journal of Political Science, 56: 875-896, 2012. PDF, Replication files on Dataverse

“Reflections and Speculations on the 75th Anniversary of Public Opinion Quarterly,” with Nancy A. Mathiowetz, Public Opinion Quarterly 75:821-822, 2011. PDF

“75th Anniversary Issue of Public Opinion Quarterly,” with Nancy A. Mathiowetz, Public Opinion Quarterly 75: 821-1044, 2011. PDF

“Forward,” to Man Is By Nature a Political Animal: Evolution, Biology, and Politics, edited by Peter K. Hatemi, and Rose McDermott, pages ix-xii. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2011. PDF

“Harold Guetzkow's Legacy,” Simulations & Gaming 42: 335-337, 2011. PDF

“Students as Experimental Participants: A Defense of the 'Narrow Data Base,'” with Cindy D. Kam, in James N. Druckman, Donald P. Green, James H. Kuklinski, and Arthur Lupia, eds., Cambridge Handbook of Experimental Political Science, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011. PDF, WEB APPENDIX

“Experiments: An Introduction to Core Concepts,” with Donald P. Green, James H. Kuklinski, and Arthur Lupia, in James N. Druckman, Donald P. Green, James H. Kuklinski, and Arthur Lupia, eds., Cambridge Handbook of Experimental Political Science, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011. PDF

“Experimentation in Political Science,” with Donald P. Green, James H. Kuklinski, and Arthur Lupia, in James N. Druckman, Donald P. Green, James H. Kuklinski, and Arthur Lupia, eds., Cambridge Handbook of Experimental Political Science, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011. PDF

Cambridge Handbook of Experimental Political Science, edited with Donald P. Green, James H. Kuklinski, and Arthur Lupia, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011. Table of Contents PDF

“Experimental Myths,” The Experimental Political Scientist 1: 9-11, 2010. PDF

“The Unmet Potential of Interdisciplinary Research: Political Psychological Approaches to Voting and Public Opinion,” with James H. Kuklinski, and Lee Sigelman, Political Behavior 31: 485-510, 2009. PDF

“The Growth and Development of Experimental Research Political Science,” with Donald P. Green, James H. Kuklinski, and Arthur Lupia, American Political Science Review 100: 627-635, 2006. PDF

“Experiments” in Samuel J. Best and Benjamin Radcliff, eds., Polling America:  An Encyclopedia of Public Opinion, Volume 1, pages 209-214.  Westport, CT:  Greenwood Publishing Group, 2005. 

Bargaining

“The Experimental Study of Legislative Behaviour,” with Thomas J. Leeper and Kevin J. Mullinix, in Thomas Saalfeld, and Kaare Strøm, eds., Oxford Handbook of Legislative Studies. Oxford: Oxford University Press 2014. PDF

“The Many Faces of Framing in Negotiation,” with Daniel Druckman, in William A. Donohue, Randall G. Rogan, and Sanda Kauffman, eds., Framing Matters: Perspectives on Negotiation Research and Practice in Communication. New York, NY: Peter Lang Publishing, 2011. PDF

“Dynamic Approaches to Studying Parliamentary Coalitions,” Political Research Quarterly 61: 479-483, 2008. PDF

“Measuring Portfolio Salience in Eastern European Parliamentary Democracies,” with Andrew Roberts, European Journal of Political Research 47: 101-134, 2008. PDF

“Communist Successor Parties and Coalition Formation in Eastern Europe,” with Andrew Roberts, Legislative Studies Quarterly 32: 5-31, 2007.PDF

“The Paradox of Portfolio Allocation:  An Investigation into the Nature of a Very Strong but Puzzling Relationship,” with Paul V. Warwick, European Journal of Political Research 45:  635-665, 2006. PDF, DATA (DTA), DATA (SAV), KEY (XLS), NOTE TO USERS (DOC), PARTY CODES KEY (DOC)

“Influence Without Confidence:  Upper Chambers and Government Formation,” with Michael F. Thies, and Lanny Martin, Legislative Studies Quarterly 30:  529-548, 2005. PDF

“Context, and Coalition Bargaining:  Comparing Portfolio Allocation in Eastern and Western Europe,” with Andrew Roberts, Party Politics 11:  535-555, 2005. PDF

“The Missing Piece:  Measuring Portfolio Salience in Western European Parliamentary Democracies,” with Paul V. Warwick, European Journal of Political Research 44: 17-42, 2005. PDF

“e-Mediation:  Evaluating the Impacts of an Electronic Mediator on Negotiation Behavior,” with Daniel Druckman, and Tatsushi Arai, Group Decision and Negotiation 13: 481-511, 2004. PDF

“The Importance of Concurrence:  The Impact of Bicameralism on Government Formation and Duration,” with Michael F. Thies, American Journal of Political Science 46: 760-771, 2002. PDF

“Portfolio Salience and the Proportionality of Payoffs in Coalition Governments,” with Paul V. Warwick, British Journal of Political Science 31: 627-649, 2001. PDF 

“Party Factionalism and Cabinet Durability,” Party Politics 2: 397-407, 1996.  PDF

“Visibility and Negotiating Flexibility,” with Daniel Druckman, Journal of Social Psychology 136: 117-120, 1996. PDF

Book Reviews

War and Democratic Constraint: How the Public Influences Foreign Policy, by Matthew A. Baum and Philip B. K. Potter”, The Journal of Politics, 79 e70-e71, 2017. PDF

Representing the Advantaged: How Politicians Reinforce Inequality, by Daniel M. Butler,” with Lawrence R. Jacobs, Perspectives on Politics 14: 823-825, 2016. PDF

The Decline of the Death Penalty and the Discovery of Innocence, by Frank R. Baumgartner, Suzanna L. De Boef, and Amber E. Boydstun,” The International Journal of Press/Politics 14: 134-135, 2009.

Troubled Pasts: News and the Collective Memory of Social Unrest, by Jill A. Edy” Political Communication. 24: 472-474, 2007.

Who Leads Whom?:  Presidents, Policy, and the Public, by Brandice Canes-Wrone,” Public Opinion Quarterly  70: 405-409, 2006. 

Framing American Politics, edited by Karen Callaghan and Frauke Schnell,” Political Psychology  27: 929-932, 2006. 

Stoking the Voters’ Passions,” (Review of Campaigning for Hearts and Minds:  How Emotional Appeals in Political Ads Work, by Ted Brader), Science 312: 1878-1879, 2006. PDF

The Costs of Coalition, by Carol Mershon,” The Journal of Politics 66: 1330-1331, 2004.